Causes of Low Back Pain: Can Exercise Help?

If you regularly experience pain in your lower back youre certainly not alone. In fact, at some point in time, all people will experience low back pain, as its onset tends to increase with age.

There are two types of low back pain: acute and chronic. Acute low back pain is a common result of strenuous exercise or physical activity, overexertion, incorrect body stance, and faulty posture. This type of pain comes on quickly and is profound but usually presents for a short period of time. Chronic low back pain, on the other hand, continues in a repetitive manner. Any sort of motion can activate this pain and it stays relentlessly.

Related Article: A Working Professional’s Guide to a Better Back

Understanding Low Back Pain

The lower back is the most mobile region of the spine allowing movements such as turning, twisting and bending. It also plays a critical role during standing, walking, jumping and lifting. The lower back itself is a complex structure of bones, ligaments and muscles with major nerves and joints. It connects the upper body (chest and arms) to the lower body (pelvis and legs) and is primarily comprised of vertebrae (bones of the spine) and intervertebral discs (cushions that sit between vertebrae) that bear much of the body’s weight.

As such, the soundness of these structures and proper functioning of the lower back is necessary for almost all activities of daily living.

lower back structureUnfortunately, many will experience some sort of low back pain in their lifetime. After all, if the lower back is misused in any way it can fail. Disks can be ruptured, ligaments can sprain, and muscles can be strained. Oftentimes such injuries are caused by accidents or sports related incidents, but at times, routine and simple movements can also result in low back pain.

Some of the major causes of chronic low back pain include: excess body fat, spinal fracture (broken back), rupturing or bulging discs along the spine, degenerative arthritis, hip problems, kidney disease, inflamed muscles or joints, tumors or aneurysms (click here to learn more about the major conditions associated with low back pain).